Career Tracks

Machine Learning & AI

101 What Is Machine Learning & AI?

AI is the field of technology that makes computer systems capable of mimicking human problem solving. Machine Learning is a subset of AI. Expect to start out in a data-driven role and move into more specialized AI roles. The average salary for a Machine Learning Engineer is $159,000.

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What is AI and Machine Learning?

The umbrella term, Artificial Intelligence (AI), has existed since the 1950’s, but has accelerated rapidly in the last 10 years. Machine Learning (ML) is a subcomponent of AI that uses specific statistical algorithms to process massive amounts of data in order to produce insights, predictions, and unique outputs.

As Evan Shy, the CEO of Coding Temple, describes: “The World Economic Forum predicts that tech advancements, from automation, artificial intelligence, to robotics, will displace 85 million jobs by 2025. However, this same technology will also create 97 million new jobs in areas like data analysis, software development, and cybersecurity. Ultimately it’ll depend on how you prepare for these inevitable changes.”

Machine Learning + AI Jobs

Traditional tech roles like Software Engineers and Data Scientists can incorporate AI and Machine Learning skills into their current jobs. For example, a Data Analyst might use the built-in AI feature in Tableau called "Explain Data" to uncover insights. Or an experienced QA Tester may use GitHub Copilot to write automated test scripts. However, in 2023, companies are now hiring for AI-specific roles like Prompt Engineer and AI Integration Specialist. Expect a lot of variability between job listings until these roles become more defined.

Here are some common ML/AI jobs: 

  • Data Scientist
  • Data Engineer
  • Prompt Engineer
  • AI Engineer
  • Software Engineer 
  • Product Manager
  • AI Ethics Officer
  • AI Data Curator
  • AI Trainer
  • AI Integration Specialist

Machine Learning/AI Engineer Job Description

Expect a job description for a Machine Learning Engineer or AI Engineer to ask for knowledge of Python and Spark. You may also see generative AI tools like ChatGPT or OpenAI. Codesmith’s Director of Machine Learning, Weylin Wagnon, says that “You need to be able to work with large amounts of data, be a smart programmer, understand neural networks, and have machine learning skills if you want to build the next generation of tech products. And if you don’t, you’ll be left behind over the next 10 to 15 years. It’s hard to observe the future of jobs and not be scared of how machine learning is taking over; I think the best way to stem that tide is to get into the field yourself.”

What Does a Machine Learning or AI Engineer Do?

Wagnon says that “In general, machine learning is equal parts math, statistics, computer science, and voodoo.” 

Varun Kumar, an AI Engineer who graduated from Flatiron School, says that his job is “part data wrangling, part coding, and part researching new techniques and software that has been developed in dealing with large language models and processing natural language.” Varun breaks it down even further into 6 categories of on-the-job requirements:

  • Research: Stay updated with the latest advancements in the field. This could involve reading research papers, attending seminars or webinars, and participating in online forums and communities. This is crucial as the field of AI and machine learning is evolving rapidly.
  • Data Preparation: Work on preparing and pre-processing the data for training language models. This involves collecting data, cleaning it, and converting it into a format that can be used for machine learning.
  • Model Development and Training: Design and implement machine learning models. This includes choosing the right algorithms, tuning parameters, and training the model on the prepared data. This process often requires running experiments and making iterative improvements based on the results. Many times, I am building on pre-trained models with either fine tuning, or instruction via prompts.
  • Model Evaluation: Evaluate the performance of the models using appropriate metrics. This often involves testing the model on a held-out validation set and analyzing the results.
  • Collaboration: Work closely with other teams, such as product development, to integrate the AI models into products or services. This could involve optimizing the model for deployment, working on the user interface, or addressing user feedback.
  • Documentation and Presentation: Document the work for future reference and present findings to stakeholders or to the technical team. This might involve writing technical reports, creating presentations, or showing working code.

ML + AI Engineer Salaries

The average Machine Learning Engineer salary is $158,676 per year with up to $177,583 in cities like San Francisco. Newly-created roles like Prompt Engineer can earn up to $335,000 per year! 

ML/AI Skills You Need to Get a Job

According to Carianne Burnley, a Career Coach at Springboard, “The most widely used programming language in AI is Python, and the libraries and frameworks associated with it. Knowing other languages like Java and/or C++ can be helpful as well.”

Most Important AI Technical Skills + Languages:

  • Python
  • Databases
  • Big data tools like Spark
  • Cloud platforms like AWS or Azure
  • Data visualization tools like Tableau, PowerBI, or R
  • Mathematics like linear algebra, data interpretation, and deep learning.

Soft Skills for AI and Machine Learning

Burley says that if you are interested in becoming an AI Engineer, you will likely have these three soft skills: 

  1. Curiosity and the hunger to continually learn more 
  2. Strong communication skills 
  3. Motivation

Even if you learn all of these topics at an AI Bootcamp, expect to continue learning on the job where you'll be working with data at scale. Imesh Ekanayake, a mentor at Metana bootcamp, highlights, "I find that where people often lack skills is when attempting to handle tasks at scale, especially in the cloud. Dealing with multi-terabyte or even terabyte-scale datasets adds a whole new level of complexity to the equation."

How to get into Machine Learning/AI

Machine learning & AI bootcamps last between 12-24 weeks and cost anywhere from free to $30,000.

Realistically, a complete beginner in tech is not going to become an AI Engineer in 12 weeks. If you don't have a technical background, then start with a Software Engineering or Data Analytics bootcamp. Once you graduate, find an entry-level job working with data, and continue to learn! You can add to your skillset with one of these 17 AI Intro courses


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Displaying schools 1-25 of 83 in total

  1. 3361

    Le Wagon is a global tech training provider that offers full-time, in-person and online bootcamps in Web Development, Data Science, and Data Analytics. Le Wa... Learn more about Le Wagon.

    Danilo Mussá

    5Graduate - Course: Data Science & AI Bootcamp - Full-time - Barcelona

    Verified Via LinkedIn

    Says: 10/10

    Amazing Staff and Teachers. great place to learn a lot of new contents in a short period of time.Not recommended for beginners, you need a good level of python
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    BrainStation offers full-time and part-time courses in data science, design, development, marketing, cyber security and product in New York City, Miami, Lond... Learn more about BrainStation.

    I-Chun Chang

    5Graduate - Course: Web Development Bootcamp - Vancouver

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    Says: Learned so much more than expected

    I enjoyed my web development bootcamp at BrainStation so much. It was an amazing experience with clear explanations of the instructors for each topic and all th
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    Correlation One offers a part-time, live online Data Science For All bootcamp taught by instructors from universities, such as Harvard, Columbia, and MIT. Bo... Learn more about Correlation One.

    Joseph Berrios

    5Student - Course: C1 Training - Data Analytics - Online

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    Founded in 2012, Coding Dojo is a global technology education company that offers programs in Software Development and Data Science. Students can choose to l... Learn more about Coding Dojo.

    Lee DeJonge

    5Graduate - Course: Software Development Online Full-Time - Online

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    KnowledgeHut offers a flexible, online full-time and part-time bootcamps in Full Stack Development, Front End Development, and Back End Development. Knowledg... Learn more about KnowledgeHut.


    5Student - Online

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    The Tech Academy is a trade school headquartered in Portland, Oregon that offers full-time and part-time bootcamps online and in-person at their Portland cam... Learn more about The Tech Academy.

    Garrett Hiles

    5Graduate - Course: Online Software Developer Boot Camp (part-time) - Online

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  7. 390

    Founded in 2012, Fullstack Academy is a tech bootcamp provider that offers immersive online programs for AI & machine learning, software engineering, clo... Learn more about Fullstack Academy.


    5Student - New York City

    Verified Via LinkedIn

    Says: Fullstack Academy Cybersecurity Analytics Bootcamp (Full-Time)

    I want to start off by saying thank you to the entire Fullstack team for all the help that they've given me. Kim Wood is an extremely knowledgeable career coach
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    Clarusway is an IT training school based in Virginia, offering a variety of specialized programs in fields such as Cloud Engineering, DevOps Engineering, Dat... Learn more about Clarusway.

    Mücahit Akdeniz

    5Graduate - Course: Full Stack Development - Online

    Verified Via LinkedIn

    Says: Intensive and practically oriented education in the field of profession

    They adopt the project-based learning method by instructors who are experts in their field. It also shows how the problems we may encounter in the sector can be
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    DigitalCrafts offers online, flex instruction bootcamps in Software Development, Cybersecurity, and Artificial Intelligence. All courses provide online learn... Learn more about DigitalCrafts.

    Ethan Lehman

    5Graduate - Course: Software Development (Flex, Online) - Online

    Verified Via LinkedIn

    Says: Full-Stack Software Development - DigitalCrafts Bootcamp

     I would recommend DigitalCrafts to anyone that is committed to transitioning into full-stack software development. During the 17-week full-time program I exper
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    Colaberry offers instructor-led remote, on-campus (Dallas, TX) and self-paced training in data analytics, data science, machine learning, and Artificial Inte... Learn more about Colaberry.

    Micah Repke

    5Student - Course: Data Analytics (Online) - Online

    Verified Via LinkedIn

    Says: Data Analytics class

    I completed the Data Analytics boot camp. The instructors were excellent and friendly. I learned a lot and made some new friends. The training and certification
  11. 153

    4Geeks Academy is a coding bootcamp offering part-time and full-time coding software engineering and AI/machine learning bootcamps in Miami and Orlando, Toro... Learn more about 4Geeks Academy.

    David Garzon Rodriguez

    5Graduate - Course: Full Stack Development (Full Time) - Miami

    Verified Via LinkedIn

    Says: A challenging, fast-paced learning environment

    It was an exceptional educational experience from day one due to the quality and commitment of Professor Ernesto, whose passion for teaching and deep knowledge
  12. 149

    Learnbay is an ed-tech company headquartered in Bangalore that provides courses in data science, artificial intelligence, machine learning, software developm... Learn more about LearnBay.

    Subhajit Banerjee

    5Student - Course: Business Analytics Master Program - Online

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    Dallas Data Science Academy offers 12-week online Data Science and Machine Learning and Deep Learning with AI bootcamps. During the first six weeks of both b... Learn more about Dallas Data Science Academy.
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    Zaka is an online technical training provider based in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region that offers a 20-week, online Artificial Intelligence C... Learn more about Zaka.

    Lea Zgheib

    5Student - Course: AI Bootcamp - Online

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    Says: Great way to kick off your AI career

    Title: "Empowering AI journey “I embarked on this AI Bootcamp journey with a clear goal in mind: to enhance my understanding of artificial intelligence and its
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    RevoU is an online academy offering a 14-week, part-time Full-Stack Digital Marketing and Business Development bootcamp for motivated individuals who want to... Learn more about RevoU.

    Samuel Adi Kusumo

    5Graduate - Course: Full Stack Data Analytics - Online

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  16. 90

    CCS Learning Academy offers online bootcamps in Cybersecurity Specialist Certification (8 weeks), Data Analytics & Business Intelligence (8 weeks), Data ... Learn more about CCS Learning Academy.

    George Annobil


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    Says: So glad I found these guys when I did!

    A little over 10 years ago I joined CCS's Data science and data engineering Bootcamp. The program was extremely thorough, well-structured, and top-notch. The co
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    University of Richmond Boot Camps offer 24-week, part-time web development, data analytics, and cybersecurity courses. The full stack curriculum includes HTM... Learn more about University of Richmond Boot Camps.

    George Kasper

    5Student - Course: Cybersecurity - Part-Time - Richmond

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    Says: Excellent Course!

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    Barcelona Code School is a code school offering immersive training in full stack web and mobile development, UX/UI design, and machine learning and AI develo... Learn more about Barcelona Code School.


    5Student - Course: JavaScript Full-Stack Online Bootcamp - Online

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    Says: JavaScript Full-Stack Online

    I completed the 'JavaScript Full-Stack Online' course and can only express positive emotions about it. I highly appreciate my mentors, Paweł and George, for ded
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    Columbia Engineering Boot Camps offer 12-week, full-time and 24-week, part-time courses in web development, and 24-week, part-time data analytics, cybersecur... Learn more about Columbia Engineering Boot Camps.

    Nastya Potapenko

    5Graduate - Course: UX/UI Boot Camp - Part-Time - New York City

    Verified Via LinkedIn

    Says: Prepare good specialists

    I am happy that I took the UX/UI Design course at Columbia University Engineering.Before making my decision, I researched many private courses and programs at o
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    University of Denver Boot Camps are 12-week, full-time, or 24-week, part-time web development, UX/UI, data analytics, financial technology, and cybersecurity... Learn more about University of Denver Boot Camps.

    Zachary ElliottZachary Elliott


    Verified Via GitHub

    Says: Coding Bootcamp

    I finished the coding boot camp in February of 2022. Overall, I had a good experience. There were about 30 people in a class and 1 instructor and 2 TAs. The cou
  21. 70

    UCF Boot Camps offer part-time and full-time web development courses, and part-time data analytics, digital marketing, and UX/UI courses. The full stack curr... Learn more about UCF Boot Camps.

    Peter SmithPeter Smith

    5Student - Course: Full Stack Web Development - Part-Time - Orlando

    Verified Via GitHub

    Says: Inspiring, Comprehensive and Immersive

    My experience with UCF Boot Camps - Full Stack Web Development has been nothing short of fantastic! This course built on my fundamental understandings and suppl
  22. 66

    Data Science Dojo offers online and in-person data science bootcamps in Redmond, Washington. Data Science Dojo believes that anyone can learn data science, a... Learn more about Data Science Dojo.

    Tatyana S.

    5Graduate - Course: Remote Data Science & Data Engineering Bootcamp - Seattle

    Verified Via LinkedIn

    Says: 16 Week Remote DSDojo Bootcamp

    16 weeks may seem like a daunting time commitment, but the course is so worth it! The way the Data Science Dojo crew runs their bootcamp program is very thoroug
  23. 61

    KeepCoding offers 10-month, part-time online bootcamps in mobile development, web development, big data and machine learning, and a 4-week Python bootcamp in... Learn more about KeepCoding .

    David Llamas Monras


    Verified Via LinkedIn

    Says: Muy buenos profesores

    Aunque apenas llevo 2 meses en el Bootcamp, si puedo decir desde ya que la calidad del profesorado es muy buena. Tienen mucho conocimiento sobre la materia que
  24. 55

    DataScientest is a learning institution, which includes aspects of a coding bootcamp, while delivering full-time or part-time online courses in Data Science,... Learn more about DataScientest.

    Dotun OlujideDotun Olujide

    5Graduate - Course: Data Scientist Bootcamp - Online

    Verified Via LinkedIn

    Says: Empowering Computer Journey!

    I'm delighted to share my experience with this bootcamp! After completing my bachelor's degree, I was searching for a way to work with computers and data input.
  25. 52

    CodingNomads is a technical training provider that offers online, self-paced coding bootcamps in skills like Java, Python, Data Science, Machine Learning, De... Learn more about CodingNomads.

    Nathan Lively

    5Graduate - Course: Java + Spring + AWS Enterprise Career Track - Online

    Verified Via LinkedIn

    Says: Rebuilt my Bubble app from the scratch in Java

    During the pandemic I started learning some MATLAB so I could try building my own tools. It became a minor obsession. I was listening to podcasts about it, taki

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